Industry 4.0 Cybersecurity is known as the security we apply to information technology , which contains a large number of techniques and methods whose objective is protecting our system and the rest of the devices present in the network. We note the great importance that cybersecurity is acquiring in the fact that the new wireless and automated systems that appear to improve processes and communications may be exposed to possible cyber attacks. In the new era of technologies, nothing is, and will not be the same, so this cause the digital transformation of companies. This is why three main risks appear and the objective of cybersecurity is to protect: An unintentional infection of an industrial network, caused by staff when connecting infected removable drives or updating software that turned out to be malware. The cyber warfare, that can be defined as targeted actions that are meant to cause harm. People with professional experience in industrial systems can use their knowledge to deceive their company.
One of the most important job of the personnel dedicated to the cybersecurity of the company is to prevent possible attacks against the company, both internal and external. To do this, they are responsible for incorporating functionalities that ensure accessibility and confidentiality, with authentication and encryption methods. Systems which monitor physical systems (CPS), IoT and IoS, have an immediate effect on cybersecurity, since they are exposed to threats and vulnerabilities that end up creating challenges for this branch of security. These systems integrate new technological devices in the control systems of factories, based on the hyperconnectivity of industrial networks, centralized in servers and new ones that contain large databases. This produces a great attraction for people who are waiting to make attacks on companies. Therefore, we can conclude that the role played by cybersecurity is crucial to protect the structure of the company or industry at all times, by means of equipment that protects the management networks and the industrial networks themselves. Highly reliable software is used to access the servers and clouds that contain the information, as well as “firewall” intended to cut off the path to unauthorized connections.
Education 4.0 Educational institutions store a significant amount of sensitive data ranging from research to test documents to personal student information. While cybersecurity in the financial industry garners a substantial amount of attention, recent guidelines are also highlighting the vulnerability in the education sector. As schools incorporate more technology into classrooms and administrative offices, information security will become increasingly vital.
When compared to the business sector, schools aren’t necessarily considered for-profit entities (although in many cases, they are). The resulting question is what do schools lose when an attack occurs? The answer varies depending on the type of attack. If a school is known for rigorous research and academic publications, a compromised network can greatly impact the reputability and integrity of the research. An attack may cause computer outages or cripple other tools used while teaching. These types of attacks not only set students behind but also limit the type of education teachers can provide to students. Imagine trying to teach a programming class with glitchy, compromised computers! Needless to say, the consequences of attacks on educational institutions are different for universities but no less lethal. Between personal information, endowments, and groundbreaking research, universities hold a wealth of information threat actors want.
Future Jobs Cybersecurity jobs are in high demand and it doesn’t seem like the need for more security professionals is going anywhere in the foreseeable future. Cyber attacks are only becoming more common and more harmful, and even though we tend to only hear about the attacks of high-profile entities, no company -- or individual for that matter -- with an online presence is immune to attacks. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the rate of growth for jobs in information security is projected at 37% from 2012–2022—that’s much faster than the average for all other occupations. Computer science roles are already in high demand as it is; adding in the element of security makes these roles even more critical and sought after.
In 2019, businesses invested even more in technology, new privacy regulations were passed, and cyber threats became more sophisticated. To meet the growing demands of today’s businesses, (ISC)2 estimates that the U.S. cybersecurity workforce would need to increase by 62%.